Water is life, but it can also be deadly if you over drink. There is a saying in Sanskrit which when translated in English means “Excess of anything is bad.” We never think that we can drink too much water also. Indeed we can, and it brings all the seven hells for your body. Water intoxication, also known as over-hydration is no myth. Most of the people with water-related issues face dehydration; we fail to think that over-hydration can also be a thing and drink more water than we should.
Too much water in your bloodstream will lower your sodium levels which is equally dangerous as dehydration. This particular condition is known as ‘Hyponatremia.’ The severity of over-hydration can cause seizures and can put you into a coma; a person facing over-hydration can die also. These are the signs you are already drinking too much water and the treatment that should be followed.
You drink water when not thirsty
We consume water through two means, we either drink it, or we consume food; yes, food has water content too, especially fruits. You heard from someone or read somewhere that you should drink a so-so amount of water per day. You don’t burn enough calories, but fill your belly with water and feel bloated.
You keep a water bottle all the time
If you hold a water bottle with you always, and never let it run out of the water, not by not drinking, but by filling it over and over, then my friend, you have a severe problem. Drinking water all the time is not helping your case; it is ruining your health.
You urinate frequently
If you find yourself running towards the bathroom all the time, no matter day or night, you are drinking too much water. Your kidneys are overworked, and you are over-hydrated.
You think the particular color of your urine is a sign of your health
Your urine is of pale transparent color, and you mistake it for a healthy and hydrated body. Pale white urine is the sign that you are drinking a lot of water, and it also means that electrolytes in your body are balanced.
You suffer frequent headaches
Over-hydration and dehydration both cause headaches. In the case of over-hydration, your cells will swell, and it will affect your brain. Only consider this situation when you have constant headaches.
When your kidneys are overworked flushing out excess water from your body, you will experience nausea and vomiting sensation.
You feel tired all the time
Internal organs of our bodies work round the clock to digest and flush the excess water you’ve been drinking, what else do you think would happen?
You get muscle cramps frequently because your electrolyte balance is disturbed. Electrolyte balance can be disturbed by over-hydration also. In this case, drink coconut water in place of water.
Your hands, feet, and lips get swelled and discoloured
When your kidneys are unable to flush the whole excess water out, your body will retain the water resulting in discolouration of hands, feet, and lips, and swelling also.
Treatment and prevention of overhydration
If some medication that you are taking causing over-hydration, you should stop taking it at once. If you are drinking more than enough water, stop the consumption. Consult a doctor immediately if you feel like fainting and vomiting sensations. The doctor will probably prescribe you a diuretic and sodium to balance the fluids in your body.
To prevent over-hydration, there are a few necessary measures. If you have diabetes or have kidney issues, you must ask your doctor about how much water you should consume. If you go to the gym regularly, drink less water and mix electrolyte powder in your water, your bodily fluids will remain balanced without causing over-hydration.
Not all people get over-hydrated. Generally, over-hydration happens to athletic people like football players, endurance runners and cyclists, marathon runners, or military trainees. Although over-hydration can be treated, if not taken care of the worst-case scenario leads to the death of the patient.